La funzione triadica del conduttore nei gruppi con genitori adottivi: una risposta operativa ad un cambio di paradigma nell’adozione

Angela Sordano

Abstract


The leader’s triadic function in adoptive parents group. An operational response to a paradigm shift in the adoption

In the last years, in Italy, many conceptual changes have occurred in the praxis and in the adoption culture. Actually, the adoption is no more considered a rupture with the past, but it is characterized by a larger continuity in the child personal history. The different perspective has fronted some problems in the fracture of the child’s meaningful relationships, but in the other side it has implicated a longer transition from the disturbed birth family to the adoptive one. The meta-analytic studies on adoption have put in evidence how the majority of adopted children presents special needs and those, which has deepened the causes at the basis of adoptive disruption, pointed out the question of the deficiency in affiliation process. The high number of suffering children located in adoptive families points out the necessity of a treatment supporting all passages in cycle of life of the adoptive family, especially in adolescence. The group represents a privileged setting to front the integration where there is an empty hole in the mutual understanding. The clinical vignettes show the leader’s function in holding the group triangular process and in favouring the intersubjective exchange within the participants. Intersubjectivity in the group refers either to the genetic predisposition to the social competence, either to the sociological concept of a triadic process in the groups. The intersubjective paradigm defines differently the way to conceive the leader’s function in the group. The leader must avoid individual interpretation or on the group dynamic and favour the triangulation of interpersonal or representational pairs.


Keyword


Adoption, family, group, leader, triangular process

Full Text

PDF Articolo

Riferimenti bibliografici


Ammanniti, M., Gallese, V. (2014). La nascita dell’intersoggettività. Milano: Cortina.

Artoni Schlesinger, C. (2006). Adozione e oltre, Roma: Borla

Bion, W. R. (1965). Transformations. Karnac books, London. Tr. It. 1972, Trasformazioni. Roma: Armando.

Bion, W.R. (1961). Experiences in groups and other papers, Tavistock Pub., London. Tr. it. 1979, Esperienze nei gruppi, Roma: Armando.

Bromberg, P.M. (1998). Standing in the spaces, analytic Press, Hillsdale N.J.

CAI (2008) Come cambia l’adozione in Italia. Studi e ricerche, Firenze:Istituto degli Innocenti.

Corrao, F. (1986). Il concetto di campo come modello teorico, Vol. II, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Cortina, M., Liotti, G. (2013). An evolutionary outlook on motivation: implications for the clini-cal dialogue, Tr. It. 2014, Riv. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane 1, Vol. XLVIII, pp: 23-72

Dalal, F. (1998). Taking the group seriously. Jessica Kingsley Pub. Trad. It. 2002, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Fivaz Depeursinge, E. and Corboz Warnery, A. (1999). Le triangle primaire, Odile Jacob Publié. Tr. It. 2000, Il triangolo primario, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Fonagy e Targhet (2001). Attaccamento e funzione riflessiva, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Foulkes, S.H. - Antony, E.J. (1973). Group Psychotherapy. The psychoanalytic Approach, Pinguin Book, London.

Gallese, V. Migone, P. Eagle M.V.(2006). La simulazione incarnata: i neuroni specchio. Le basi neurofisiologiche dell’intersoggettività ed alcune implicazioni per la psicoanalisi, Rew. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, XL, 3: 543-580 -http://www.psicoterapiaescienzeumane.

Granovetter, M. (1983). The strength of weak ties: a network Theory revisited, Sociological Theory, vol.1, pp.201-233.

Grienberger, J., Kelly, K., Slade, A. (2005). Maternal reflective functioning, mother-infant affec-tive communication and infant attachment: exploring the link between mental states and ob-served caregiving, riv. Attachment and Human Development, 7, pp. 299-311.

Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. Wiley, New York.

Husserl, E.(1950). Cartesianische Meditationem und Parisier Vortrage, vol. XXVI, Kluwer, Dordrect. Trad. it. 1989, Meditazioni cartesiane. Con l’aggiunta dei discorsi parigini, Milano: Bompiani.

Juffer, F., van Ijzendoorn, M.H. (2005). Behaviour Problems and Mental health Referrals of International adoptees. A meta-Analysis, in Jama, Pp.2501-2515.

Jung, C.G. (1971). Mysterium Coniucntionis, Olten:Walter Werlag. Tr. it. 1981, Mysterium Congiuntionis, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri.

Jung, C.G.(1976). Die Dynamic des Unbewusten, Olten: Walter Werlag La dinamica dell’inconscio, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri

Koràndi, D., Peled, Y., Sudakov, B. (2015). A random triadic process, Rev. SIAM J. Di-screte math, vol. 30, No 1, pp. 1-19.

Kaes, R. (2007). Un singulier pluriel. La psychoanalyse à l’épreuve du group, Paris:Dunod. Tr.It. 2007, Il singolare ed il plurale. Quali aspetti dell’approccio psicoanalitico dei gruppi riguardano la psicoanalisi, Roma: Borla.

Le Roy, J. (1994). Group Analysis and culture, in Brown D., Zinkin L. “The Psyche and the social world”, London: Karnac Books.

McHale, J.P. (2007) Charting the bumpty road of coparenthood. Understanding the challenges of family life, N.J.:Zero to tre. Tr. It. 2010, La sfida della cogenitorialità, Milano: Raffa-ello Cortina.

Martean, L. (2014). The triangle and the Eye inside the circle: dyadic and triadic dynamics in the group, Group Analysis, vol. 47, n.1.

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1945). Phénoménologie de la perception, Paris: Éditions Gallimard.

Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and family therapy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Montefoschi, S. (1977). L’uno e l’altro. Interdipendenza e intersoggettività in psicoanalisi, Mila-no: Feltrinelli.

Ormay, A.P.T. (2012). The social nature of persons. One person is no person, London: Karnac Book.

Pines, M. (1998). Self Experiences in Group. Intersubjective and Self Psychological Pathways to Human Understanding, London: Jessica Kingsley.

Pines, M. (1997). Circular Reflections. Selected Papers on Group Analysis and Psychoanalysis, London, Jessica Kingsley. Tr.it. 2000, Riflessioni circolari, Roma: Borla.

Rizzolatti, G., Sinigallia, C. (2006). So quel che fai. Il cervello che agisce e i neuroni specchio, Raffaello Cortina, Milano

Selvaggio, I., Ragaini, C., Rosnati, R. (2013). Quando l’adozione fallisce: un’indagine esplora-tiva presso il Tribunale per i Minorenni di Milano, riv. Minori e Giustizia, pp.154 – 165

Satir, V. (1972). People making, Science and Behaviour Books, Chapter 13: the family blueprint: your design for people making, pp. 196-224.

Simmel, G. (1908-1950). The Sociology of George Simmel, Illinois: Free Press.

Stern, D. (1985). The interpersonal world of the infant. New York, NY: Basic Books. Tr.it. Il mondo interpersonale del bambino, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri.

Stern, D. (2004). The present moment in psychotherapy and everyday life. New York, NY: Norton. Tr. it. 2005, Il momento presente, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Storolow R.D. Atwood G.E. (1992). Contexts of being: The intersubjective founda-tions of psychological life. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press. Tr. It. 1995, I contesti dell’essere: le basi intersoggettive della vita psichica, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri.

Trevarten, C. (1993). The self-born in intersubjectivity. An infant communicating, in U. Neisser “The Perceived Self: ecological and interpersonal knowledge of the self”, pp121-73, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Trevi, M. (1986). Metafore del simbolo. Ricerche sulla funzione simbolica nella psicologia complessa, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Vadilonga, F., a cura (2010). Curare l’adozione. Modelli di sostegno e presa in carico della crisi adottiva, Milano: Raffaello Cortina.

Winnicott, D.W. (1971). Playing and reality, London,Tavistock Pub. Tr. it. 1974, Gioco e realtà, Roma: Armando.


Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Utilizziamo i cookie per essere sicuri che tu possa avere la migliore esperienza sul nostro sito. Se continui ad utilizzare questo sito noi assumiamo che tu sia d'accordo con i cookie da noi utilizzati. Per maggiori informazioni clicca qui: Privacy policy e cookie

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Rivista scientifica ISSN: 2281-8960 - registrata presso il Tribunale di Cremona: registro stampa n° 323/2013