Un gruppo di microcredito presso il Centro di Salute Mentale di Carpi: risultati di efficacia ed efficienza

Giorgia Bonaga, Luisa Brunori, Giorgio Magnani

Abstract


A Microcredit group in the Center of Mental Health of Carpi: effectiveness and efficiency outcomes

Microcredit, a small lending system, invests on an individual's creativity by stimulating the development of their own potential. This process leads to the attainment of various objectives which in turn allow individuals to develop their skill awareness. Consequently, this process also increases an individual’s self-esteem and self-confidence. These factors play an important role in the aetiology of a number of mental disorders. Namely, those characterised by a series of psychological conditions which impede the full development of a person’s personal, relational and social sphere. On the basis of these considerations, in 2007, a microcredit program group model was implemented for psychiatric patients at the Mental Health Centre (MHC) of Carpi, in the Modena province The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the Microcredit intervention by considering (1) the reduction of patient-costs sustained by the Local Health System and (2) the increased well-being observed in the subjects involved within their individual, family and social realms. Such considerations emerged in the following study where a Microcredit system was implemented as a promising solution for psychiatric out-patients’ inability to work autonomously. It was also put in place to prevent the emergence of mental disorders for individuals exposed to stress caused by unfavourable economic conditions.


Keyword


Microcredit group, psychiatric patients, effectiveness and efficiency

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