L'illusione dei test di intelligenza svincolati dalla cultura

Michael Cole

Abstract


The Illusion of Culture-free intelligence Testing

The birth and circulation of IQ tests have been motivated by the necessity of creating objective modes, context-free, by which to measure intellectual abilities. Historically the progressive diffusion of these methods has been contrasted with the thought of academics, who stemmed from various fields of knowledge. These authors demolished the illusion of a culture-free “mind”, as intended by the academicians that have arranged the institution and divulgation of IQ testing. After briefly describing the layout of the foundation upon which these tests have been established, it will be proposed a “thought experiment,” in order to demonstrate that the ideas of “intelligence” and “ability” cannot exist outside the cultural context which generates them.


Keyword


Intelligence testing; Mental ability; Culture; IQ; Cultural contexts; Sociocultural theory; Interaction; Cultural learning

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Bellman B.L. (1975). Village of Curers and Assassins: On the Production of Fala Kpelle Cosmological Categories. The Hague: Mouton.

Bellman B.L. (1978). “Ethnohermeneutics: On the Interpretation of Subjective Meaning,” in W.C. McCormack and S. A. Wurm (Eds.), Language and the Mind. The Hague: Mouton and Co.

Boas F. (1911). The Mind of Primitive Man. New York: Macmillan.

Bowen E.S. (1964). Return to Laughter. New York: Doubleday, 1964).

Cole M., Gay, Glick J., Sharp J.A., D.W. (1971). The Cultural Context of Learning and Thinking. New York: Basic Books.

Dube E.F. (1977). A Cross-cultural Study of the Relationship between ‘Intelligence” Level and Story Recall . Doctoral dissertation. Cornell University.

Gay, J. (1973). Red Dust on the Green Leaves (Thompson, Conn: Inter-Culture Associates, 1973).

Gibbs J.L., (1965). The Kpelle of Liberia, in J.L. Gibbs (Ed.), Peoples of Africa, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Hernnstein R.J., & Murray C. (1994). The bell curve: Intelligence and class structure in American life. New York: Free Press.

Jensen A. (1980). Bias in mental testing. New York: Free Press.

Kulah A.A. (1973) The Organization and Learning of Proverbs among the Kpelle of Liberia. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Irvine.

Lancy D. (1977). Studies of Memory in Culture. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 307, 285-297.

Rivers W.H.R. (1901). Vision, in A.C. Haddon (Ed.) Report of the Cambridge anthropological expedition to the Torres Straits, Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Spencer H. (1886). The Principles of Psychology, vol. 5. New York: D. Appleton.

Tylor E.B. (1958). The Origins of Culture. York: Harper and Row.


Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Utilizziamo i cookie per essere sicuri che tu possa avere la migliore esperienza sul nostro sito. Se continui ad utilizzare questo sito noi assumiamo che tu sia d'accordo con i cookie da noi utilizzati. Per maggiori informazioni clicca qui: Privacy policy e cookie

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Rivista scientifica ISSN: 2281-8960 - registrata presso il Tribunale di Cremona: registro stampa n° 323/2013