Il contributo e il ruolo dell’Antropologia nelle esperienze coloniali e nel postcolonialismo. Quale altra mondializzazione

Paolo Palmeri

Abstract


The role and the contribution of Anthropology in the colonial experiences and in the post-colonialism. What other globalization?

This work is a re-examination of the colonial policies promoted by Great Britain and by France in XIX and XX century. After a historical synthesis of the colonialism we go into how these two nations had organized the colonialism at a political level in the fieldwork: direct rule for France and indirect rule for Great Britain. Besides, we emphasize the critics that had invested the anthropologist for their collaboration within the programs of colonization of the western countries and the denigrating effects they have had on anthropology of the second half of the twentieth century; on the other hand the ethical, political and scientific problems are confronted, the problems that have poured in the discipline in the second half of the last cen-tury, mainly by the work of the French Marxist Anthropology. Finally, a short review of contemporary authors stands as a background for a new critical in-terpretation of the postcolonial and postmodern term, inviting the anthropological discipline to have a confrontation, even today, there are many that are sustaining that we are in a post-colonial period only legally, because in fact the ex-colonies are continuing to depend on the western countries: in particular Europe and the United States. For the majority of the contem-porary authors that are interested in post-colonialism, the post-colonial period remains to be in name only; the same destiny is kept for the post-modernity that seems to be only surviving in the novels and in the academies.


Keyword


Colonialism, post-colonialism, modernity, post-modernity, globalization

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