Identità, famiglia, relazioni fra gruppi e svantaggio socio-educativo come fattori di insuccesso scolastico. Uno studio trasversale in un gruppo di studenti siciliani di scuola media inferiore
Identity, family, relationships between groups and socio-educational disadvantage. As factors of school failure. A cross-sectional study in a group of middle school students of the Sicilian hinterland
The paper that we propose is a research on the adolescent phase and, in particular, on relationships that adolescents develop in school context. The present research was structured according to a multidimensional prospective, influenced by personal variables such as identity development; social variables such as the relationship that student creates with family and school, and even, the parent-teacher relationship; and, economic-cultural variables such as the characteristics of socio-educational environment. In synthesis results indicate that students with low identity profile have difficulty in school adaptation and acceptance of one’s body; students with conflictual family relationships manifest reduced emotional maturity and family adaptation. Furthermore, the negative perception that parents have of their family roles and a low level of student’s emotional regulation are predictive of school discomfort. Through this research we wanted to explore the value and influence of the socio-educational and emotional context as an essential step in the knowledge about school maladjustment.
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